The history of Estonian education — the story of the intellectual liberation of a nation

Table of Contents

  • The role of learning in a culture

    Human co-existence in a society presupposes certain agreements on how to live, how to secure a livelihood, and what and how things are learned. Culture ...
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  • From folk pedagogy and early schools, to mass education based on the written word

    If we regard education as the passing on of knowledge from one generation to the next, then Estonian education, like that of other nations, is ...
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  • The impact of the Enlightenment

    When Catherine II ascended the throne in 1762 she started what is known as the ‘Enlightened Absolutism’, greatly influenced by the ideas of the French ...
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  • The breakthrough in the development of education in the 19th century

    The early 19th century brought with it a very welcome event: in 1802 the University of Tartu was reopened, although most of the lecturers came ...
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  • Public education as the basis of independent nationhood

    Despite unfavourable circumstances in late 19th century Estonia, education of the general population was widespread, making possible a national awakening that was able to support ...
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  • Education in the independent Republic of Estonia (1918–1940)

    On 24 February 1918 the Estonians’ strivings for self-determination were crowned with the proclamation of the Republic of Estonia. But already before that decisive event ...
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  • Estonian education during the Soviet occupation

    It is estimated that during the 1940s and 1950s, Estonians lost approximately one fifth of their population through the dead of the Second World War ...
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  • Collapse of the Soviet educational system and the birth of the new system

    Besides quantitative indicators that were, at least up to higher education, on ‘a world level’, the content of education should also be considered. The Soviet ...
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