Estonia in brief

Official name: Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik)
Short form: Estonia (Estonian: Eesti)
Independence declared: 24 February 1918
Capital: Tallinn

Geography
​Geographical coordinates:
59°00' N, 26°00' E
Area: 45 339 sq km
Coastline: 3794 km
Land border: 682 km (343.0 km with Latvia and 338.6 km with the Russian Federation)
Sea border: 768.6 km

​People
Population: 1 328 824 (1 Jan 2019 est. by Statistics Estonia)
Population density: 30.3 inhabitants per square km
Larger cities: Tallinn (pop. 430 805), Tartu (93 715), Narva (56 103), Pärnu (50 403), Kohtla-Järve (34 394)
Main ethnic groups: Estonians 905 677, Russians 328 864, Ukrainians 23 310, Belarusians 11 598, Finns 7 635
Official language: Estonian
Main religions: Orthodox Christians 16,15%, Lutherans 9,91% (2011)

Government
Type of government: parliamentary democracy
Legislature: unicameral parliament – Riigikogu
Head of State: President (currently Kersti Kaljulaid)
Head of Government: Prime Minister (currently Jüri Ratas)
Highest judiciary: Supreme Court
Membership in international organisations: United Nations Organisation (since 17 October 1991), North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (29 March 2004), European Union (1 May 2004), et al.

Administrative divisions
Local governments: 15 urban and 64 rural municipalities
Counties: 15 (Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Jõgevamaa, Järvamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa, Võrumaa)

Currency: Euro (EUR)
Time zone: EET (UTC+2 )
Internet national domain extension: .ee
International calling code: + 372

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