1710–1850. The Baltic Landesstaat

Table of Contents

  • The Baltic Landesstaat

    The century and a half following the Great Northern War, which ended with the Peace of Uusikaupunki, was a relatively static period in Estonian history ...
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  • Population: ethnic and social structure

    Systematic pillaging by Russian forces at the time of the Northern War, and the 1710–1711 plague epidemic, caused a huge demographic catastrophe. Historians remain ...
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  • Serfdom and the intensifying manorial economy

    The impact of the Swedish social order in Estonia continued under the Russian Empire. Although the Northern War meant a severe setback to the development ...
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  • Influences of Pietism and the Moravian Brethren

    Being joined to Russia did not mean isolation for Estonia. It belonged to the German cultural sphere and was therefore able to participate in pan-European ...
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  • Enlightenment and enlightened absolutism

    After Pietism and the Moravian movement, the next spiritual trend to arrive in Estonia in the mid-18th century was the Enlightenment. Its ideas were propagated ...
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  • Impact of the French Revolution

    The impact of the French Revolution reached Estonia indirectly and over a longer period of time, primarily in the form of agrarian reforms and the ...
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  • Emergence of national consciousness and Estophilia

    The emergence of national consciousness in various places in Europe in the early 19th century is traditionally associated with Johann Georg Hamann (1730–1788) and ...
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  • Agrarian reforms and economic innovations

    The agrarian reforms were facilitated by political and social developments across Europe, primarily the agrarian reforms in Prussia and the liberation of Prussian peasants from ...
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  • Conversion movement and the final agrarian reform

    After their emancipation from serfdom, however, the continuing deterioration in the peasants’ living conditions found an explosive outlet in the conversion movement. Spontaneous upheavals of ...
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