Territorial defence

The structure and defence activities of the armed forces are based on the territorial defence strategy. The objective of territorial defence is not military aggression against other countries but rendering the invasion of your territory and nation as difficult as possible for an aggressor. As a defence strategy, territorial defence leads to a situation where an aggressor, even if it is successful in invading part or all of the territory, shall be continuously disturbed and attacked on all sides.

In the event of war, territorial defence must ensure that everything possible is done to exhaust the resources of an invading enemy, that its advances are slowed down by military action, that strategically important regions are defended and held until the operation of the international security system is initiated and political, economic and military assistance arrives, and that the territory of the country is then freed independently or together with the forces which have arrived. Implementation of this system allows the organic integration of the armed forces into civil society, keeping the costs down, ensuring supply of civil resources for the armed forces and unification of the will of the nation to defend their country.

Territorial defence is a form of the system of structuring national defence activities, characterised by:

structuring national defence by territory. Guidelines of the National Defence Policy set out: “In order to organise national defence, the territory of the state will be divided into defence districts…. …Each defence district will be divided into defence zones” [GNDPE]. A resolution of the government in 2001 divided the territory of the state into military-territorial formations – two defence districts and two special defence zones;

the decentralised control system of the armed forces which is dispersed all over the country and which allows the continuance of organised resistance even if central control is lost;

implementation of the principle “army in reserve”, including the creation during peacetime of reserve units formed pursuant to conditions of war ;

division of the armed forces into two parts – general purpose forces and the Territorial Force;

the combined use of all tactics permitted by international law (classical and dispersed battle tactics, guerilla warfare, etc.) in the course of military action.

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