Coastal villages and resorts

Historically, almost all the coastal settlements were fishing villages, established, because of the poor conditions for agriculture in northern Estonia. Fishing and all the related activities, as well as the trade with Finnish coastal villages have traditionally been the main sources of income. Most of the large forests are protected and are not used commercially. Mineral water springs are located in Loksa and Viinistu, and small occurrences of natural gas have been found on Keri and Prangli Islands. The North-Estonian Coastal Plain is a perspective tourism and recreation area. The main resorts are Klooga, Laulasmaa, Vääna-Jõesuu, Rannamõisa, Kaberneeme and Salmistu near Tallinn and Võsu and Käsmu in Lahemaa.

Many former fishing villages, where owning boats and fishing was prohibited during the Soviet occupation, became resort villages; these include Altja, Vainupea, Karepa, Toolse, Kalvi, Aa, Toila, Oru and Voka. The most important resort since the end of the 19th Century has been Narva-Jõesuu

Industrial towns
Parts of the capital Tallinn — its centre and industrial areas on the Kopli and Paljassaare peninsulas, are situated on the North-Estonian Coastal Plain. The natural environment of these peninsulas has been damaged by pollution from industry and military activities of the Soviet Army. Close to Tallinn, an industrial region is situated on the Viimsi Peninsula.

Sillamäe is an industrial town in northeast Estonia, where the top secret production of uranium for military purposes of the USSR from the 1940s until the late 1980s accumulated dangerous waste at the Sillamäe radioactive and toxic waste depository. With the support of the Nordic countries, an expensive environmental project aims to isolate the waste depository and to prevent the leak of waste into the Gulf of Finland.

Other, smaller industries on the coastline, which cause environmental damage, include the ship repair docks in Loksa, the Lontova clay pit near Kunda and Aseri, an industrial town in northeast Estonia with a ceramics industry.

Details about this article