Coastal stone fields and sandy beaches

The coast of Lahemaa, similar to the whole North-Estonian coastal plain, is rich in great erratic boulders and stone fields. They were carried here by giant glaciers from Finland and Scandinavia, where such rocks outcrop on the ground. Such boulders and stones offer valuable information about the direction and extent of the movements of the glaciers during the last Ice Age. Large stone fields can be found near Tapurla village on Juminda peninsula and in the forest and on the beach near Käsmu village. The best-known erratic boulders of Lahemaa are Juminda Majakivi, Jaani-Tooma Suurkivi in Kasispea Village and Ojakivi in Võsu Village. Folk-tales about the mythic national hero Kalevipoeg are connected with many erratic boulders, so they also have an important role in the cultural history of our country. For example, it is said that Kalevipoeg threw his spear at an enemy, and the spear fell into Odakivi, situated on Loksa beach between the villages of Suurpea and Pärispea.

Sandy beaches are quite rare in Lahemaa; they can be found mostly at the mouths of rivers flowing into the bays. The biggest and best-known beach with a belt of dunes behind it, is located at Võsu Village. Võsu is one of the oldest summer resorts in North Estonia, founded in the 19th century. Many prominent people from Tallinn, Tartu, St Petersburg and Moscow have spent their holidays there. Strong storms of recent decades and inadequate management have led to a catastrophic retreat and destruction of the beach. Some sandy beaches can also be found near the villages of Loksa and Vergi on Juminda Peninsula. Several former fishing villages, such as Altja and Vainupea, became summer resorts during the Soviet regime.

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