Lakes and falls

The largest lake in Lahemaa is Lake Kahala (350 ha). The lake is located in a depression among wooded meadows and alvars covered with junipers on the Harju Plateau. This shallow lake (up to 2.8 m) is the former bay, which finally separated from the sea about 7500 years ago. The most remarkable lakes on the coastal plain are Lohja and Käsmu Lakes, both of which are real beauty spots in the woods. They separated from the sea relatively late in the geological sense — about 2000–3000 years ago. The bays of Viinistu Maalaht and Ulglaht on Pärispea peninsula are still connected with the sea when the sea is high.

Among the most beautiful landscapes of Lahemaa are also the valleys of the Valgejõgi and Loobu Rivers, where these rivers fall over the Klint onto the coastal plain. The Valgejõgi forms the Nõmmeveski waterfall, which has eroded a canyon several tens of meters deep below the escarpment. Its left tributary stream, the Vasaristi, falls over the Klint in the most beautiful small cascade in Estonia. The Loobu River falls over the Klint at the Joaveski waterfall.

Viitna kame field and lakes
One of the most attractive places in the southern corner of the Lahemaa National Park is Viitna village and its surroundings. Varying relief, beautiful lakes and valuable spruce and pine forests are perfect for ecotourism. The varying relief is created by a steep-sloped beaded radial esker with a narrow and bending crest and the surrounding kame field. The eastern slope of the esker falls steeply towards Lake Viitna Pikkjärv, situated in the largest glaciokarst depression of the kame field. The islands of the Lake Viitna Pikkjärv (5.7 m) are also kames in origin. The lake is very beautiful, with clear water; relatively rare aquatic plants grow here, such as Lobelia dortmanna, Isoetes lacustris and others. The lake is a much appreciated location for aquatic sports.

Northeast of Lake Pikkjärv lies Lake Viitna Väikejärv or Linajärv, and tiny Lake Nabudi with its paludified shore is located in the southern part of the kame field. The esker ridge and the surrounding kame field continues south of the valley of the Loobu River. The whole relief complex is known as the Uku–Viitna radial kame field.

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