Development of the Estonian political landscape until 2006

Table of Contents

  • History and civic culture as factors in the political landscape

    The present-day political landscape and civic culture of Estonia have been affected both by the brevity of the democratic culture of the first period of ...
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  • Formation of parties and development of organisations

    The genesis of the party system in a society in transition is different in several ways from the development of the Western European party landscape ...
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  • The parties' positions on the left-right spectrum

    Taken as a whole, the distribution of the Estonian parties on the left-right spectrum may be seen as balanced and weakly polarised. The most powerful ...
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  • The ideological orientation of the parliamentary parties

    The Reform Party propagates classical liberal values in its programme, such as the individual’s freedom, opportunities for choice and his priority over the state ...
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  • Nature of the electoral system and basic trends in voter participation

    The proportional representation system applies in Estonia in both Riigikogu and local council elections, which is also the dominant system elsewhere in Europe. The proportional ...
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  • Riigikogu elections, 1990-2003

    The first competitive elections between several political forces and candidates in Estonia were the elections to the Supreme Council in 1990. However, these cannot be ...
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  • Local elections 1993-2005

    Electoral alliances were dominant for longer in local elections than in parliamentary ones. In the first half of the nineteen-nineties, the big parties disregarded local ...
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  • From election victory to government: patterns of coalition politics

    Politics in Estonia have up to now confirmed the rule that the proportional representation system leads to multi-party democracy and coalition government. The government is ...
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  • Exernal links


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