Development of the public sphere until the early 2000s

Table of Contents

  • The role of the public sphere in society

    The public sphere is a mental environment where people engage in interpreting both the reality around them and the processes which occur there. Such interpretations ...
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  • How does the public sphere function?

    Public discussions involve a diverse range of participants. There is the spontaneous and informal public consisting, amongst others, of NGOs, organised opinion groups and subcultural ...
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  • Development in the Estonian public sphere during the past half-century

    At the beginning of the 1990s, the principal value sought by the Estonian public was spiritual freedom and independence. The total silence of the Soviet ...
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  • The public sphere in the open Estonian society

    In the 1990s, the Estonian public sphere organised itself in the face of several political, economic and cultural issues of general importance. There were public ...
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  • The shaping of a new media system

    During the 1990s, the number of media channels increased, development of the channels having occurred along three separate paths involving the public media, the commercial ...
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  • Citizen initiative and the third sector

    Citizen initiatives can also catalyse spontaneous movements which express citizens’ concerns and promote changes to serve popular needs. In instances of vitality, citizen movements have ...
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  • Public opinion and public opinion research

    The choice of topics for public debate, and the manner of the resulting discussions, usually reflect much more than simple attitudes to specific issues. Wider ...
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  • External links


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