Judicial system

Table of Contents

  • General principles of judicial proceedings and the structure of the judicial system

    The fundamental rights and freedoms of persons provided for in the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia also include rights relating to judicial proceedings. Pursuant ...
    Read more »

  • Courts of first instance and courts of appeal

    In the first instance of the judicial system, county courts and administrative courts administer justice. At the moment, there are four county courts in Estonia ...
    Read more »

  • The Supreme Court

    The following Chambers have been formed within the Supreme Court: 1) the Civil Chamber; 2) the Criminal Chamber; 3) the Administrative Law Chamber; 4) the ...
    Read more »

  • Constitutional review

    The system of judicial constitutional review in Estonia was created on the basis of the Constitution adopted in 1992. Pursuant to the Constitution, the highest ...
    Read more »

  • Administration of courts

    Administration of courts of first instance and courts of appeal falls within the competences of the Ministry of Justice. The Minister of Justice determines the ...
    Read more »

  • The legal status of judges and guarantees of their independence

    The second sentence of clause 146 of the Constitution provides for the following: “The courts shall be independent in their activities and shall administer justice ...
    Read more »