The Chancellor of Justice

Table of Contents

  • Historical Retrospect

    ​When the constitution came into effect in the Republic of Estonia in 1938, the institution of the Chancellor of Justice was established, using the experiences ...
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  • The Estonian Model of the Institution of Chancellor of Justice

    ​The institution of the Estonian Chancellor of Justice is not a part of legislative, executive or judicial power. The institution of Chancellor of Justice was ...
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  • The Independence of the Chancellor of Justice

    According to the constitution and the Law of the Chancellor of Justice, the institution has many juridical guarantees that assure its independence.​
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  • The Chancellor of Justice as an Examiner of Constitutionality

    ​The legislative acts that are examined by the Chancellor of Justice include laws passed by the Riigikogu, decree laws by the President of the Republic ...
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  • The Chancellor of Justice as an Ombudsman

    ​The next main task of the Chancellor of Justice is to examine as an ombudsman (the law’s middleman, confidant; the term comes from Swedish ...
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  • Other Tasks of the Chancellor of Justice

    ​The Chancellor of Justice acts as as intermediary when personalities governed by private law come into conflict over discrimination. Anyone who believes that a physical ...
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  • The Proceedings of the Chancellor of Justice (Part One)

    ​Rejecting an Application by the Chancellor of Justice
    When an application arrives, first the Chancellor of Justice evaluates it to decide whether any action should ...
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  • The Proceedings of the Chancellor of Justice (Part Two)

    The Proceedings of the Chancellor of Justice
    In enforcing the functions of the ombudsman and reviewing constitutionality, in addition to solving citizens’ applications, the Chancellor ...
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  • The Proceedings of the Chancellor of Justice (Part Three)

    The Right of the Chancellor of Justice to Speak at Hearings of the Riigikogu and the Government of the Republic
    The constitution gives the Chancellor ...
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  • Some Instances

    Examining Whether a Legislative Act is Constitutional

    • Based on a citizen’s application, the Chancellor of Justice checked whether a decree by a city council ...

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  • The Reliability of the Chancellor of Justice

    ​Through the years, the number of individuals that have turned to the Chancellor of Justice, as well as the number of proceedings carried out by ...
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  • External links


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