Other Tasks of the Chancellor of Justice

​The Chancellor of Justice acts as as intermediary when personalities governed by private law come into conflict over discrimination. Anyone who believes that a physical personality or a legal personality governed by private law has discriminated against him or her because of gender, race, nationality, language, ethnicity, religious or other beliefs, financial or social status, age, disability, sexual orientation or some other attribute as stated in the law has the right to turn to the Chancellor of Justice for mediation. The Chancellor of Justice cannot initiate mediation on his own initiative.

​Also, there are tasks assigned by the Law of the Chancellor of Justice: presenting a motion to the Riigikogu in the procedure of reviewing constitutionality (according to the Constitutional Review Court Procedure Act) and initiating a disciplinary action against a judge (according to the Courts Act). The Director of the Supreme Court and the Chancellor of Justice have the right to initiate disciplinary action against any judge when there is a complaint or when the facts of the case demand it. The initiator of disciplinary action presents a disciplinary accusation and related material to the Disciplinary Chamber of the Supreme Court, which will then discuss the case and, when justified, impose a disciplinary penalty.

​The Chancellor of Justice can also make a proposal to the Riigikogu about prosecuting a member of the Riigikogu, the President of the Republic, a member of the government of the Republic, the Auditor General, the Director of the Supreme Court or a member of the Supreme Court, according to the law. Mentioned individuals can be prosecuted only after a proposal by the Chancellor of Justice, with the majority of the Riigikogu consenting. The Chancellor of Justice himself can only be prosecuted after a proposal by the President of the Republic, with the majority of the Riigikogu consenting.

​If necessary, the Chancellor of Justice can present a proposal to the Supreme Court stating that the President of the Republic should be considered incapable of performing his/her tasks.

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