The Independence of the Chancellor of Justice

According to the constitution and the Law of the Chancellor of Justice, the institution has many juridical guarantees that assure its independence.​

The Chancellor of Justice is a subordinate to no civil servant. The Chancellor of Justice affirms his/her loyalty when taking the oath of office in front of the Riigikogu, and after that he or she is elected. The Chancellor of Justice can not be fired for political reasons. This can only happen in the case of the intentional commission of a crime, and dismissal occurs only when a verdict of guilty has been reached. The Chancellor of Justice is also forced to retire in the case of an unintentional crime, when the legal punishment involves a jail sentence.​

​The independence of the Chancellor of Justice is also guaranteed because he/she is forbidden to work in some other position, be it state government, local government or as a public legal personality, as well as not being allowed to participate in the activities of a political party, to be a member of the board, council or reviewing board of some corporation, or to participate in business. The Chancellor of Justice is independent in his activities.

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