The coast of the Ruhnu Island

Author(s): Toomas Tuul

​Ruhnu is the only inhabited off-coast island in Estonia. The forest growing on the island’s north-eastern dunes has repeatedly been damaged by autumnal storms; the last major blizzard ravaged the island in November 1969.

The Ruhnu settlement was first mentioned in the letter of Johannes, bishop of Kurland in 1341, confirming the Swedish rights of the Swedes who inhabited the island. The Swedish settlement prevailed until 1944. At present, about 60 people live on the island.