Search results for "KLOOGA"

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Klooga concentration camp

​Nazi regime concentration camp in Estonia in 1943 and 1944, where 2000 prisoners were killed in 1944 before the retreat from Estonia The Klooga camp was established in September 1943 in north-eastern Estonia, about 30 km west of Tallinn. The camp was part of the network of Vaivara concentration camps operating under the SS Economic and Administration Headquarters (SS Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt). The number of prisoners was between 1800 and 2100... The commandant of the Klooga camp was SS-Untersturmführer Wilhelm Werle;.. 2000 prisoners in Klooga were killed,..

Vaivara concentration camp complex

​The concentration camp at Vaivara was established in August 1943 in the eastern part of Estonia, about 20 km west of Narva. The camp was answerable to the inspector of concentration camps of the SS Main Economic and Administrative Department (SS Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt). The aim of the camp was to provide a workforce for the oil-shale industry in north-eastern Estonia, which was controlled by the German company Kontinental Öl AG, and produced motor oil and petrol. In January 1943,.. Klooga and Ereda... culminating in the mass murder of about 2000 Jews in the Klooga camp on 19 ..

Coastal villages and resorts

Historically, almost all the coastal settlements were fishing villages, established, because of the poor conditions for agriculture in northern Estonia. Fishing and all the related activities, as well as the trade with Finnish coastal villages have traditionally been the main sources of income. Most of the large forests are protected and are not used commercially. Mineral water springs are located in Loksa and Viinistu, and small occurrences of natural gas have been found on Keri and Prangli Islands. The North-Estonian Coastal Plain is a perspective tourism and recreation area. The main ..

Holocaust in Estonia

Applying the German anti-Jewish policy during World War II in occupied Estonia was divided into three separate parts. The first part involved the actions, led by the German Security Police (Jupo) and SD, to arrest and execute local Jews in Estonia. The second part involved camps in the occupied territory, where Jews were brought from other parts of Europe, i.e. labour and educational camps and, the third part involved the Vaivara complex of concentration camps. About 4400 Jews lived in Estonia before World War II... the most notorious of these murders was the tragedy on 19 September at the ..

Gates of the Klooga concentration camp

​ The official name of the camp, O. T. Betriebe Klooga, was supposed to look innocent, because OT (= Organisation Todt) was ‘only’ a state construction enterprise organised in a military manner (founded in 1938) in Nazi-Germany, which also operated in occupied territories. The reality was something else: the retreating Germans killed about 2,000 Jews in the Klooga camp.