Search results for "jaan poska"

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Poska, Jaan

​24 January 1866 Laiuse village, Tartu County – 7 March 1920 Tallinn One of the most influential Estonian politicians and diplomats in the early 20th century. Head of the Estonian delegation at Tartu peace talks. Poska graduated from Riga Theological Seminary and the law faculty of the University of Tartu. From 1890 worked as a lawyer in Tallinn. Joined the group of nationalists gathered around the paper Teataja (The Messenger). In 1904 he was elected a member of the Tallinn town council,.. In this post Poska played a great role in shaping Estonian autonomy...

Provincial commissar

​The highest representative of the Russian government in Estonia during the months after the February Revolution (1917) The Russian Provisional Government formed as a result of the 1917 February Revolution replaced all existing governors with provincial commissars. The mayor of Tallinn, Jaan Poska, was appointed the Estonian commissar on 6 March 1917 and stayed in that position until they were abolished... Jaan Poska greatly contributed to Estonia’s democratisation and realisation of national aims...

Provisional Government

​In the evening of 24 February 1918 the Salvation Committee issued a statement revealing the members of the Estonian provisional Government. It was a broad-based coalition government headed by Konstantin Päts. The government could work only for a few days and was then forced underground under the pressure of the German occupying forces. The Provisional Government was able to resume normal work on 11 November 1918. As several ministers had been arrested, were in exile or had gone missing, the Council of Elders of the Provincial Assembly announced a new government on 12 November, in which ..

Jaakson, Jüri

16 January 1870 Uue-Võidu parish, Viljandi county– 20 April 1942 Sosva, Russia Estonian politician and economist, 1924-1925 State Elder He graduated from the University of Tartu as a lawyer in 1896, then worked in Viljandi and Riga. He took an active part in the society movement, belonging to the board of various agricultural, temperance and other societies. In 1915 he accepted a job at the Tallinn Town Bank. From March to October 1917 Jaakson was deputy of the provincial commissar Jaan Poska...

Tartu Peace Treaty

​Peace treaty concluded between Estonia and Soviet Russia on 2 February 1920, ending the War of Independence The wish to end the War of Independence in Estonia was evident by the summer of 1919, but the government had to consider the countries of the Entente and its neighbours, who did not approve of peace talks with the Bolsheviks. The breakthrough was brought about by the failed attack of the White Russian North-western Army in autumn 1919. This affected the Estonian military-political situation of Estonia and changed the attitude of the Western countries... The Estonian delegation was ..

1917 Russian Revolutions and Estonia

​The increasing dissatisfaction caused by Russia’s failures in World War I created preconditions for a revolution. The unrest over food in February 1917 in the capital city of Petrograd soon developed into a mass political movement. When the army took the side of the protesters, the days of the old power were numbered. The tsar abdicated, the cabinet of ministers stepped down and the Provisional Government was formed. At first it included several parties of liberals and a left-wing socialist-revolutionary party (Essers), joined later by the social-democratic Workers’ Party (Mensheviks)...

Local Self-government in Estonia prior to Independence

Throughout the centuries, European cities have had extensive rights. Tallinn was chartered with the Lübeck Rights in 1248; later on, the Lübeck Rights were granted to Narva and Rakvere. Some cities in southern and central Estonia such as Tartu, Uus-Pärnu, Haapsalu, Paide and Viljandi were chartered with the Hamburg Rights, also known as the Riga Rights since the law reached the area via Riga. Yet, those Rights guaranteed class based self-government where managing the city affairs (forming the City Council – Est. raad) was in the hands of certain social strata (merchants,.. Jaan Poska, ..

The end of the Tsarist rule in Russia and its influence

The end of the rule of the Romanov dynasty in February 1917 (March according to the new Gregorian calendar) came as a surprise both to the Allies who had fought alongside Russia in the war and to the empire’s citizens themselves. The greater then seemed the joy of liberation and sincere hopes for establishing a new, democratic Russia that would consider the wishes of all its nations with regard to autonomy. The Estonians could almost have been satisfied, for the time being, with the achievements of spring 1917, but the chain of events caused by the change of power in Petrograd forced them..

Tartu Peace Talks

​The meeting of Estonian and Russian peace envoys in Tartu in 1920. Jaan Poska in the middle, Julius Seljamaa and Mait Püüman to his left; General Jaan Soots, Colonel Viktor Mutt, Ants Piip, Rudolf Paabo to his right, head of the Russian Embassy Adolf Joffe, in profile.